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“Ecstasy” to Addiction: Mechanistic and Reinforcing Effects of Synthetic Cathinone Analogs of MDMA
Following widespread scheduling, many synthetic cathinone compounds have been diverted from “bath salts” to “Ecstasy” tablets or “Molly” powder formulations in addition to or in lieu of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine ...
Intravenous pyruvate to protect heart and brain during closed-chest resuscitation and recovery from cardiac arrest
Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in the United States and Western Europe. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the only means of sustaining the victim until application of defibrillatory countershocks. Although ...
Divergent Behavioral Phenotypes in Conditioned Place Preference
The addictive properties of psychostimulants have been studied using a variety of animal models and behavioral paradigms. These studies consistently report individual variation in drug response that could reflect subgroups ...