Is Sleep Related to Mental Health in Middle Aged Males & Females?
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Purpose: Studies have related sleep disturbances and mental health disorders, but not sleep duration and current general mental health. Therefore, this study aims to determine whether sleep duration is related to current general mental health in middle aged males and females in the general population. Methods: This cross-sectional analysis used 2016 BRFSS data for males and females ages 35 to 54 in Alabama (N=2000), Arkansas (N=1118), Kentucky (N=2890), Oregon (N=1578), and West Virginia (N=2087). Ordered logistic regression analysis was conducted separately by state and gender to assess the relationship between sleep duration and mental health while controlling for health-related and demographic factors. Results: About one-third to one-half of male and female participants reported low to moderate mental health (31-51%) and less than one-fourth reported short sleep duration (11-21%). Mental health was significantly related to sleep and health conditions for both genders as well as to smoking status, alcohol use, and physical activity for females. Conclusion: Mental health was related to sleep duration and health conditions for both genders. Therefore, clinicians should screen for mental health status, sleep issues, and health conditions if symptoms of any present. For females, mental health is also related to smoking status, alcohol use, and physical activity, so clinicians should screen for all if symptoms of any present. Clinicians should address each of these factors concurrently with mental health.