Health Disparities in the United States with a Focus on Tarrant County
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Abstract Purpose: Health disparities across racial, socioeconomic, gender, and age groups are well documented across the United States. This study seeks to review health disparity data and provide resources addressing these disparities on the local, state, and national level, with a focus on socioeconomic status, access to care, and insurance coverage. Methods: Sources such as Data USA, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Healthy People 2020 were used to gather information regarding specific health disparities and resources available to combat the growing disparities. Results: Resources in Tarrant county promoting the health and well-being of the community include organizations such as the Mercy Clinic and the Healthy Tarrant County Collaboration. The state of Texas is also helping to promote healthier individuals by providing Medicaid and CHIP (Children’s Health Insurance Program). However, Texas voted to not expand their Medicaid coverage, leaving a group uninsured which is now known to be called the Medicaid gap. Programs on the national level include the Affordable Care Act of 2010, WIC, and the Healthy People 2020 campaign, all of which strive to improve access to care and insurance coverage. Conclusion: This gap can be closed and better quality of care can be provided by increasing awareness, promoting currently available resources, conducting further research, and by addressing influential factors that lead to health disparities.