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dc.contributor.advisorStephen R. Grant
dc.creatorZeng, Hong
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-22T21:30:52Z
dc.date.available2019-08-22T21:30:52Z
dc.date.issued1995-08-01T00:00:00-07:00
dc.date.submitted2014-05-01T06:48:05-07:00
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12503/29388
dc.description.abstractZeng, Hong, A Calcium-Dependent Nuclear Signaling Pathway Transcriptionally Silences Atrial Natriuretic Factor Gene Expression. Master of Science (Biomedical Science), August, 1995, 85 pp., 2 tables, 20 illustrations, bibliography, 90 titles. A cultured myocardial cell model was used to examine a potential role of calcium-dependent protein kinases and phosphatases in regulating the induction of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) gene mediated through adrenoreceptor signaling. In primary culture, rat neonate cardiomyocytes supplemented with phenylephrine (PE) following transfection (24 h) with a full length ANF promoter-reporter construct, showed elevated levels of promoter activity when compared to transfected cardiomyocytes cultured in the absence of PE. Prazosin, a dedicated α1-antagonist, completely blocked the transcriptional induction mediated through PE stimulation. Two different calcium mobilizing agents, BAY K8644 and gramicidin D, significantly reduced PE-stimulated ANF promoter activity. The over-expression of co-transfected exogenous CaM kinase II isoforms resulted in transcriptional silencing of PE-induced promoter activity for cardiac ANF. Transfection of a constitutively active, mutant form of the calcium-dependent phosphatase 2B, calcineurin, gene also transcriptionally silenced ANF gene expression. Exposure of PE-induced cardiomyocytes to either FK-506-treated cells in the absence of PE exposure suggesting that transcriptional silencing may be mediated through a transcriptional repression mechanism. Taken together, these results suggest that the activation of a Ca2+-dependent nuclear signaling pathway mediated through either CaM kinase II or calcineurin leads to complete transcriptional silencing of the embryonic ANF gene expression.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectCell and Developmental Biology
dc.subjectCell Biology
dc.subjectCells
dc.subjectCellular and Molecular Physiology
dc.subjectDevelopmental Biology
dc.subjectGenetics
dc.subjectGenetics and Genomics
dc.subjectLife Sciences
dc.subjectMedical Cell Biology
dc.subjectMedical Genetics
dc.subjectMedical Microbiology
dc.subjectMedical Sciences
dc.subjectMedicine and Health Sciences
dc.subjectMolecular Genetics
dc.subjectOther Cell and Developmental Biology
dc.subjectOther Genetics and Genomics
dc.subjectCalcium-dependent
dc.subjectnuclear signaling pathway
dc.subjecttranscription
dc.subjectatrial natriuretic factore gene expression
dc.subjectcultured myocardial cell model
dc.subjectANF
dc.subjectpromoter activity
dc.subjectBAY K8644
dc.subjectgramicidin D
dc.subjectCaM kinase II isoforms
dc.subjectcardiac ANF
dc.subjecttranscriptional silencing
dc.subjectcalcineurin
dc.titleA Calcium-Dependent Nuclear Signaling Pathway Transcriptionally Silences Atrial Natriuretic Factor Gene Expression
dc.typeThesis
thesis.degree.departmentGraduate School of Biomedical Sciences
thesis.degree.disciplineBiomedical Sciences
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Science
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWalter McConathy
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRichard Easom
dc.type.materialtext
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