Recent Submissions

  • Variation of prevertebral musculature in cadaveric studies 

    Dickerson, Austin (2021)
    Background: This case report documents muscular variation observed in a detailed dissection of the prevertebral region of multiple cadavers. The prevertebral region contains the muscles lying between the prevertebral layer ...
  • Harder foods make hardier heads among post-weaning rats 

    Mitchell, Rex; 0000-0003-1495-4879 (2021)
    Purpose: The impact that material properties of foods have on the mammalian skull has been studied extensively. However, research that compares cranial morphologies in response to dietary shifts during growth is limited. ...
  • Anatomical Mapping of the Posterior Interosseous Nerve and Artery 

    Penfield, Monica (2021)
    Purpose: To determine variation of where the posterior interosseous artery (PIA) and nerve (PIN) converge in the distal, posterior aspect of the forearm. Methods: At the UNTHSC anatomy lab, 10 cadavers (five men and five ...
  • Anatomic relationships in a set of thoracopagus twins 

    Dickerson, Austin (2021)
    Background: Conjoined twins occur from aberrant embryogenesis, at an estimated incidence of 1 in 200,000 births, with many being stillborn. There are many subtypes of conjoined twins, with their classifications based on ...
  • Bilateral Enlarged Testes: A Case Report 

    Spore, Paul (2021)
    Background: The major components of the male reproductive system consist of the penis, scrotum, testes, and the epididymis. The testicles begin in the abdominal cavity in the fetus and descend through the processus vaginalis ...
  • The Influence of Ecogeographic Variation in Human Nasal Morphology on Thermal Conditioning of Inspired Air 

    Thai, Elizabeth (2021)
    Most air conditioning of inspired air occurs in the nasal passages and is largely dependent on external environments. Studies show strong associations between climate and ecogeographic patterning of human nasal morphology. ...
  • Craniofacial Bone Mineral Density During Growth in Mice with Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) 

    Miller, Courtney; 0000-0003-0748-4290 (2021)
    Purpose: Osteogenesis imperfecta(OI) is a genetic connective tissue defect resulting in fragile bones due to mutations affecting formation of type I collagen. Low bone mineral density (BMD) in the post-cranial skeleton has ...
  • Anterior Interosseous Syndrome: A Case Study in a Seventy-one-Year-Old Women with Multiple Nerve compressions 

    Shakibai, Nasim; 0000-0003-3273-0385 (2021)
    Background: Anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) syndrome is rare and accounts for less than 1% of all upper extremity neuropathies. AIN syndrome can be due to trauma, compression of the nerve, or neuritis.Case Information: ...
  • Sexual Dimorphism Within Dental Microstructure 

    Aldeeb, Sara (2021)
    Purpose: A general pattern of sexual dimorphism is displayed across humans. Many males generally have a larger body than females. This dynamic has also been demonstrated within the oral cavity. For example, on average, ...
  • Bilateral Absent Fibular (Peroneal) Arteries 

    Ali, Arkoon (2021)
    Background: The most common branching pattern in the lower extremity is the popliteal artery branching into the anterior tibial artery and tibiofibular trunk. The documentation of aplastic fibular artery is quite rare in ...
  • Intermuscular Lipoma: A Case Report 

    Bilbao, Jorge; 0000-0003-0955-5507 (2021)
    Background: Lipomas are the most common type of soft-tissue tumors. Superficial lipomas account for about 50% of all soft-tissue tumors and are usually found in the upper back, neck, proximal extremities, and abdomen. ...
  • Massage application to increase spread of local anesthesia in sciatic nerve blocks: a cadaveric study 

    Robertson, Taylor; 0000-0001-9254-0028 (2021)
    Introduction: Sciatic nerve blockades are essential for treatment of a variety of lower limb pathologies. Due to the complexity and variation of anatomical landmarks, ultrasound (US) is used to guide injection of local ...
  • A Cadaveric Investigation of the Long Thoracic Nerve 

    Liu, Howe (2021)
    Introduction: Entrapment of the long thoracic nerve (LTN) is associated with pain in the thorax and back. Entrapment can occur at many places along the pathway of the LTN, including the cervical spine and the scalene ...
  • Accessory Iliacus Muscle with Split Femoral Nerve: A Case Report 

    Barnes, Kalan (2021)
    Background: The femoral nerve originates from the anterior rami of nerve roots L2, L3, and L4 of the lumbar plexus. In its usual course, the femoral nerve descends down between the psoas major and iliacus muscles of the ...
  • Localizing the Course of the Radial Nerve Based on Anatomical Landmarks: A Cadaveric Study 

    Barnes, Kalan (2021)
    Purpose: Iatrogenic radial nerve injury during the posterior approach to the humerus is a well-documented complication. The aim of this study is to define the course and variability of the radial nerve along the posterior ...
  • Tibialis Anterior and The Bridle Procedure 

    Cronk, Jacob (2021)
    Background: The Bridle procedure is a surgical intervention for the treatment of foot drop due to common fibular nerve damage. It involves the transfer of the tibialis posterior tendon through the interosseus membrane and ...
  • The Effect of Tooth Loss on Craniofacial Morphology 

    Su, Andrew (2021)
    Tooth loss (edentulism) is known to reduce biomechanical loading of the face, resulting in changes in craniofacial morphology and bone material properties. However, the effect of tooth loss on masticatory muscles and their ...
  • The Risk Factors and Causes Associated with Ectopic Pregnancies 

    Vats, Pulkit (2021)
    An ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg implants in an improper location. Fertilization normally occurs in the uterine tube. Following zygote formation, the fertilized egg then travels to the superior part of ...
  • Plantaris Tendon Insertion Variant 

    Spore, Paul (2021)
    Background: The plantaris muscle is thought to be a vestigial muscle and its tendon lies between the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. It is most common for the plantaris tendon to insert onto the medial calcaneal tuberosity ...
  • A Case of An Accessory Levator Scapulae Muscle 

    Mong, Joy (2021)
    Background: The levator scapulae is a posterior axioappendicular muscle that attaches the upper limb to the vertebral column. It originates from C1-C4 transverse processes and inserts on the margin of the superomedial angle ...

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