Induced Blood Flow Oscillations at 0.1 Hz Protects Oxygenation of Severely Ischemic Tissue

Date

2023

Authors

Davis, K. Austin
Bhuiyan, Nasrul
McIntyre, Benjamin
Rickards, Caroline

ORCID

0000-0002-1277-6266 (Davis, K. Austin)
0000-0002-5759-6912 (Rickards, Caroline)

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Abstract

Purpose: Early interventions that improve vital organ perfusion will reduce the number of lives lost from blood loss injuries. We have shown that generating 10 second (~0.1 Hz) fluctuations or "oscillations” in arterial pressure and blood flow during simulated hemorrhage protects cerebral tissue oxygenation. Lower body negative pressure (LBNP) was used to both simulate hemorrhage, and induce the hemodynamic oscillations in these previous studies. However, the magnitude of cerebral tissue ischemia is limited to 20-30% with LBNP due to the onset of pre-syncopal symptoms. To examine the effect of 0.1 Hz hemodynamic oscillations on blood flow delivery and tissue oxygenation of severely ischemic tissues, we developed a limb ischemia model. Hypothesis: Oscillatory arterial pressure and blood flow will attenuate reductions in brachial artery blood flow and forearm tissue oxygenation in a severely ischemic limb. Methods: Nine healthy human subjects (5M, 4F; 27.2 ± 4.1 y) completed two experimental protocols separated by ≥48 h. In both conditions, ischemia of the forearm was induced with a pneumatic cuff on the upper arm to decrease brachial artery (BA) blood velocity by ~70-80% from baseline. In the oscillation condition (OSC), 0.1 Hz oscillations in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and BA blood flow were then induced by inflating and deflating bilateral thigh cuffs every 10 seconds (0.1 Hz) throughout the forearm ischemia period. In the control condition (CON), the thigh cuffs were in place, but were inactive throughout the forearm ischemia period. BA blood flow was measured via duplex ultrasound, forearm muscle tissue oxygenation (SmO2) was measured via near infrared spectroscopy, and arterial pressure was measured via finger photoplethysmography. Results: The magnitude of forearm ischemia, indexed by the reduction in BA blood velocity, was matched between protocols (CON: -75.2 ± 8.4 % vs. OSC: -78.3 ± 7.8 %, p=0.20). Power spectral density of 0.1 Hz oscillations in MAP (CON: 19.4 ± 22.8 mmHg2 vs. OSC: 716.8 ± 514.6 mmHg2; p<0.001) and BA blood velocity (CON: 0.7 ± 1.0 cm/s2 vs. OSC: 10.6 ± 7.1 cm/s2, p=0.02) were greater with oscillatory thigh cuff compression compared with the control condition. While oscillatory thigh cuff compression during forearm ischemia had no effect on absolute MAP (CON: 94.3 ± 6.6 mmHg vs. OSC: 94.4 ± 10.8 mmHg, p=0.99), BA blood flow (CON: 9.7 ± 5.8 ml/min vs. OSC: 9.5 ± 7.3 ml/min, p=0.82), or BA conductance (CON: 0.10 ± 0.06 ml/min/mmHg vs. OSC: 0.09 ± 0.06 ml/min/mmHg, p=0.39), the reduction in SmO2 was attenuated (CON: -38.7 ± 8.3 % vs. OSC: -28.4 ± 9.7 %; p=0.04). These data provide further evidence for the use of 0.1 Hz hemodynamic oscillations as a therapeutic intervention for conditions associated with severe vital organ ischemia such as hemorrhage, stroke, myocardial infarction, and sepsis.

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Research Appreciation Day Award Winner - School of Biomedical Sciences, 2023 Oral Presentation Award - 2nd Place

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