The Association of Mobile Health Applications with Self-Management Behaviors among Adults with Chronic Conditions in the United States

dc.creatorWang, Hao
dc.creatorHo, Amy F.
dc.creatorWiener, R. Constance
dc.creatorSambamoorthi, Usha
dc.creator.orcid0000-0001-8311-1360 (Sambamoorthi, Usha)
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-09T15:00:04Z
dc.date.available2022-11-09T15:00:04Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-30
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Mobile applications related to health and wellness (mHealth apps) are widely used to self-manage chronic conditions. However, research on whether mHealth apps facilitate self-management behaviors of individuals with chronic conditions is sparse. We aimed to evaluate the association of mHealth apps with different types of self-management behaviors among patients with chronic diseases in the United States. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional observational study. We used data from adult participants (unweighted n = 2340) of the Health Information National Trends Survey in 2018 and 2019. We identified three self-management behaviors: (1) resource utilization using electronic personal health records; (2) treatment discussions with healthcare providers; and (3) making healthcare decisions. We analyzed the association of mHealth apps to self-management behaviors with multivariable logistic and ordinal regressions. RESULTS: Overall, 59.8% of adults (unweighted number = 1327) used mHealth apps. Adults using mHealth apps were more likely to use personal health records (AOR = 3.11, 95% CI 2.26-4.28), contact healthcare providers using technology (AOR = 2.70, 95% CI 1.93-3.78), and make decisions on chronic disease management (AOR = 2.59, 95% CI 1.93-3.49). The mHealth apps were associated with higher levels of self-management involvement (AOR = 3.53, 95% CI 2.63-4.72). CONCLUSION: Among individuals with chronic conditions, having mHealth apps was associated with positive self-management behaviors.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was, in part, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Agreement No. 1OT2OD032581-01 (Usha Sambamoorthi), the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities through the Texas Center for Health Disparities (NIMHD), 5U54MD006882-10 (Usha Sambamoorthi, Hao Wang), and NIGMS 5U54GM104942-04 (R. Constance Wiener). The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the NIH
dc.identifier.citationWang, H., Ho, A. F., Wiener, R. C., & Sambamoorthi, U. (2021). The Association of Mobile Health Applications with Self-Management Behaviors among Adults with Chronic Conditions in the United States. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(19), 10351. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910351
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601
dc.identifier.issue19
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12503/31901
dc.identifier.volume18
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910351
dc.rights.holder© 2021 by the authors.
dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.subjectchronic diseases
dc.subjectmHealth apps
dc.subjectself-management behaviors
dc.subject.meshAdult
dc.subject.meshChronic Disease
dc.subject.meshCross-Sectional Studies
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshMobile Applications
dc.subject.meshSelf-Management
dc.subject.meshTelemedicine
dc.subject.meshUnited States
dc.titleThe Association of Mobile Health Applications with Self-Management Behaviors among Adults with Chronic Conditions in the United States
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.materialtext

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