Attitudes, Beliefs and Behaviors of Parents towards Childhood Immunizations

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2009-05-01

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Shurtleff, Anna E.

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Abstract

Objectives-The purpose of this literature review is to identify the health and illness attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors that are unique to parents who refuse to vaccinate their children. Methods-Twelve published studies conducted in the United States between 1998 and 2008 were accumulated from three major database sources: PubMed, EBSCOhost, and Science Direct. Studies were evaluated based on common attitudes, beliefs and behaviors observed in the course of the studies. Results: A total of ten studies were identified between 1998 and 2008 based on the inclusive criteria provided. Studies included one qualitative study, two case control studies, and seven cross-section studies. Parental concerns with vaccine safety ranged from 6.7%-93.4%, with the highest percentages of concern from parent with unvaccinated children. Conclusion: Parental trust in vaccinations and their mandating is diminishing in the United States. Various measures are needed to be enforced in order to regain confidence in vaccination safety.

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