Rate of Change with Respect to Time Trends of Net 5-Year Survival in the Absence of Other Causes of Death: Male and Female Adolescent and Young-Adult Cancer Patients

Date

2021

Authors

Ewart, Mackenzie
Bowman, William
Dorton, Cody
Bleyer, Archie
Rutledge, Laura

ORCID

0000-0001-9465-095X (Ewart, Mackenzie)

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Abstract

Rate of Change with Respect to Time Trends of Net 5-Year Survival in the Absence of Other Causes of Death: Male and Female Adolescent and Young-Adult Cancer Patients Cancer is a devastating disease process that affects the lives of millions around the world. Of particular interest, within the field of cancer research, is the measurement of therapeutic progress made throughout time, which is commonly measured through analyses of 5-year survival statistics. While cancer therapies have come a long way, the adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patient population faces many unique obstacles such as cancer identification, proper diagnosis, adequate treatment, and continuity of care. These obstacles have led to a lack of improvement in the outcomes for AYA cancer patients when compared with patient populations both younger and older. The derivation of 5-year survival statistics from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) 17 registries yields a measurable disparity in the therapeutic improvement of the AYA cancer patient population when analyzed against the derivation of 5-year survival statistics for children and adults in the United States. More initiatives and research are needed to correct the lagging disparities and to improve the overall survival in the AYA population.

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