[3H] Ethynylbicycloorthobenzoate ([3H] EBOB) Binding in Native and Recombinant GABAA Receptors

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2000-05-01

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Yagle, Monica A.

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Yagle, Monica A., [3H] Ethynylbicycloorthobenzoate ([3H] EBOB) Binding in Native and Recombinant GABAA Receptors. Master of Science (Pharmacology), May 2000, 59 pp., 3 tables, 7 illustrations, bibliography, 75 titles. Modulation of the GABAA receptor has been studied with noncompetitive convulsant ligands such as tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS) and picrotoxin (PTX). EBOB is a more recently developed ligand that appears to bind in the same region of the channel at TBPS, but with a higher affinity. While only a few studies have examined the binding of EBOB to vertebrate brain tissue and insect preparations, none have examined potential subunit-dependent binding of EBOB. We have thus examined [3H] EBOB binding in rat cerebellum and HEK293 cells stably expressing human α1β2γ2, human α2β2γ2, and rat α6β2γ2 GABAA receptors. For comparison, [35S] TBPS binding was also examined in α1β2γ2 receptors. Saturation and Scatchard analyses revealed saturable [3H] EBOB binding at one site in all tissue preparations with Kd values ranging from 3 to 9nM. [3H] EBOB binding, like [35S] TBPS binding was inhibited by the CNS convulsants dieldrin, lindane, tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBOB), PTX, TBPS, and pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) at one site in a concentration dependent fashion. Affinities were in the high nM to low μM range for all compounds except PTZ (low mM range). GABA modulated [3H] EBOB binding in a biphasic manner in α1β2γ2 receptors with a 100-fold difference between stimulatory and inhibitory affinities. Inhibition of GABA-mediated current by TBOB in α1β2γ2 receptors resulted in a functional IC50 of 0.2 μM, in agreement with binding study results. Differences seen in binding between the different receptor subtypes examined suggest that some characteristics of EBOB binding are subunit dependent. In addition, we have shown that [3H] EBOB is a useful ligand in the study of recombinant GABAA receptors and that results obtained with [3H] EBOB are comparable to those obtained with [35S] TBPS.

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