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dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.creatorMcKay, Tina B.
dc.creatorKivanany, Pourisika B.
dc.creatorNicholas, Sarah E.
dc.creatorNag, Okhil K.
dc.creatorElliott, Michael H.
dc.creatorPetroll, W. Matthew
dc.creatorKaramichos, Dimitrios
dc.identifier.citationMcKay, T. B., Kivanany, P. B., Nicholas, S. E., Nag, O. K., Elliott, M. H., Petroll, W. M., & Karamichos, D. (2022). Quercetin Decreases Corneal Haze In Vivo and Influences Gene Expression of TGF-Beta Mediators In Vitro. Metabolites, 12(7), 626.
dc.description.abstractWe have previously reported the flavonoid, quercetin, as a metabolic regulator and inhibitor of myofibroblast differentiation in vitro. Our current study evaluated the effects of topical application of quercetin on corneal scar development using two different animal models followed by RNA analysis in vitro. Wild-type C57BL/6J mice were anesthetized and the corneal epithelium and stroma were manually debrided, followed by quercetin (0.5, 1, 5, or 50 mM) or vehicle application. Corneal scarring was assessed for 3 weeks by slit lamp imaging and clinically scored. In a separate animal study, six New Zealand White rabbits underwent lamellar keratectomy surgery, followed by treatment with 5 mM quercetin or vehicle twice daily for three days. Stromal backscattering was assessed at week 3 by in vivo confocal microscopy. In mice, a single dose of 5 mM quercetin reduced corneal scar formation. In rabbits, stromal backscattering was substantially lower in two out of three animals in the quercetin-treated group. In vitro studies of human corneal fibroblasts showed that quercetin modulated select factors of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway. These results provide evidence that quercetin may inhibit corneal scarring. Further studies in a larger cohort are required to validate the efficacy and safety of quercetin for clinical applications.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by NIH grants R01 EY013322; P30 EY030190; P30 EY021725; P30 EY030413.
dc.subjectcorneal debridement
dc.subjectcorneal wound healing
dc.subjecttransforming growth factor-beta
dc.titleQuercetin Decreases Corneal Haze In Vivo and Influences Gene Expression of TGF-Beta Mediators In Vitro
dc.rights.holder© 2022 by the authors.
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-8761-3824 (Karamichos, Dimitrios)

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Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)