Tai Chi and Cardiovascular Conditions

Date

2021

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Kolenovic, Mersida
Liu, Howe
Salem, Yasser
Janssen, Allison
Logsdon, Liana

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Abstract

Introduction: Tai Chi is a meditative and low intensity exercise that includes deep diaphragmatic breathing which promotes positive physiologic changes in the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this systematic review is to analyze evidence related to the benefits of Tai Chi pertaining to cardiovascular conditions and recognize the similarities of this intervention in research. Methods: This study includes twelve randomized control trial articles that encompass a variety of cardiovascular conditions. The electronic database utilized includes PubMed. Keywords used include Tai Chi intervention, hypertension, chronic heart failure, coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, and myocardial infarction. Results: These articles discuss hypertension, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and cerebrovascular accidents related to a Tai Chi intervention. Significant improvements were observed in the following outcomes measured: TUG, VO2peak, 6MWT, endurance tests, blood pressure, arterial stiffness, blood lipid levels, BMI, blood sugar, cognition, Cardiac Health Behavior scale, quality of life scales, and psychosocial self-reports. The most common intervention protocol used in these articles was a 1-hour session of 24-form Yang style Tai Chi for three times a week over a 12-week period. On the other hand, two articles used a similar protocol but implemented these exercises twice a week over a 12 week period and were still able to see significant improvements in cardiovascular function. Conclusion: Overall, this systematic review reveals the significance of Tai Chi as an exercise that will improve cardiovascular function in a population with cardiovascular disease.

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Research Appreciation Day Award Winner - 2021 School of Health Professions, 2021 Physical Therapy Program Poster Award - 2nd Place
Research Appreciation Day Award Winner - 2021 School of Health Professions, 2021 Physical Therapy Program Poster Award - 2nd Place

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