Resources and Opportunities Available for Allopathic and Osteopathic Medical Students Pursuing Otolaryngology: A Comprehensive Analysis




0009-0001-0234-0469 (Stucki, Brenton)
0009-0007-1873-380X (Patel, Arpan)

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Introduction: Otolaryngology, commonly known as Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT), is a surgical subspecialty dedicated to addressing conditions of the head and neck. It is no surprise that matching into surgical subspecialties such as otolaryngology - head and neck surgery becomes more and more competitive each year. Data indicates that each year on average, students are performing at higher levels than years previous. This increase in competitiveness prompts the development of resources including specialty-specific information to be made more readily available to students. This review aims to identify key ENT organizations in the United States that may provide pivotal tools for medical students. Through an analysis of these organizations, this study reveals opportunities available to medical students through organizations such as research opportunities, conference scholarships, mentorship programs, and avenues for leadership roles. Furthermore, emphasizes the significance of research experience, leadership roles, academic performance, and compelling letters of recommendation, which are crucial in the application process. By focusing on these critical aspects, the primary aim is to highlight resources that can equip medical students with the necessary skills and experiences to apply for an ENT residency successfully.Methods:147 organizations were identified by the University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTHSC) Gibson Library. A search conducted then by three independent researchers via Google Search contributed an additional 30 organizations. The combination of these sources resulted in a preliminary list of 177 organizations. Three duplicates were eliminated, thus decreasing the list to 174 unique organizations. The next stage of screening was predicated on the relevance of these organizations to the field of Otolaryngology. Three independent researchers excluded 129 entities sourced from the UNTHSC Gibson Library. Further reviews were conducted and a finalized cohort of fourteen national otolaryngology - head and neck surgery organizations were selected for comprehensive evaluation. Information regarding the following information was gathered and compiled for review and comparison: Organization Focuses on a Subspecialty of Otolaryngology, Organization Allows Both MD and DO Student Membership, Medical Student Cost to Join Organization, Annual Meeting, Research Presented at Annual Meeting, Medical Students can Present at Annual Meeting, Medical Student Registration Fee for Annual Meeting, Annual Meeting Registration / Travel Scholarships Available for Medical Students, Mentorship Available Within the Organization for Medical Students, Leadership Opportunities Available for Medical Students, Scholarships/Grants Available for Medical Students, Educational Material Available to Medical Students. Results: The comprehensive analysis highlighted resources and opportunities available for allopathic and osteopathic medical students pursuing otolaryngology. These entities offer numerous benefits, including research opportunities, educational materials, annual meetings, and access to subspecialties. These organizations can provide a competitive edge to medical students who take advantage of these benefits. Conclusion: In conclusion, this analysis underscores the vital support that professional organizations offer to medical students pursuing otolaryngology, highlighting the significance of mentorship, research opportunities, and educational materials. It urges medical students to actively engage with these organizations to enhance their career prospects in this field. However, identified gaps in mentorship, travel financial aid, and leadership roles point towards areas needing enhancement.