Ceftriaxone, a Beta-Lactam Antibiotic, Reduces the Severity of L-DOPA-Induced Dyskinesia in a Rat Model of Parkinson’s Disease

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2017-03-14

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McInnis, Tamara
Kasanga, Ella
Chotibut, Tanya
Meadows, Samantha
Bishop, Christopher
Salvatore, Michael

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Purpose: Levodopa (L-DOPA) therapy remains the most pharmacologically used agent for the management of Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, chronic treatment with L-DOPA leads to debilitating dyskinesias in 50% of Parkinson’s disease patients after 5 years and ~90% after 10 years. Delineating the mechanisms of L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID) is therefore a major priority for alleviating this debilitating side effect of L-DOPA. There is evidence for increased glutamate signaling in LID and in PD. However, glutamate receptor antagonists in the PD patient have achieved mixed clinical outcomes with untoward side effects. Therefore, an alternate intervention targeting the elevated glutamatergic signaling could prove useful. The beta-lactam antibiotic, ceftriaxone, increases the expression of glutamate transporter 1 (GLT-1), a transporter that plays a major role in glutamate clearance in the central nervous system. We have recently shown that ceftriaxone when given at the time of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) injection resulted in an attenuation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) loss, an increase in GLT-1 expression and reduced serine-19 TH phosphorylation, a calcium-dependent target specific for nigrostriatal neurons. In this study, we determined if ceftriaxone therapy initiated 7 days after 6-OHDA, but prior to L-DOPA, could reduce L-DOPA-induced abnormal involuntary movements (AIMS) in an established L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia model. Methods: Ceftriaxone (200 mg/kg, i.p., once daily for 7 consecutive days) was initiated 7 days post-6-OHDA lesion (days 7-13) and then continued every other week (days 21-27, 35-38) until the end of the study (day 38 post-lesion, 20 consecutive days of L-DOPA). Results: Preliminary results show reduced AIMs at the time points 1, 4 and 7 days after the initiation of L-DOPA treatment upon the administration of ceftriaxone with a significant reduction (p Conclusions: Intermittent delivery of a ceftriaxone regimen prior to and after L-DOPA may reduce LID severity, possibly in conjunction with a reduction in nigrostriatal lesion severity during the time course of ceftriaxone administration.

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Research Appreciation Day Award Winner - 2017 Institute for Healthy Aging - IHA Student Poster Award 3rd Place

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