The Effect and Mechanism of Botulinum Toxin Type A For Knee Osteoarthritis Through Ultrasound Guidance




Baker, Stephen
Bao, Xiao
salem, yasser
quiben, myla
Liu, Howe


Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



Objective: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic and progressive disease that affects the geriatric population. OA is characterized by cartilaginous degeneration, subcartilaginous bone reconstruction and osteophyte formation. It causes joint pain, swelling, joint dysfunction and affects the quality of life, even leading to depression. The treatment of knee osteoarthritis usually includes medications, physical therapy and traditional Chinese acupuncture. These treatments could be useful for most of OA. Refractory OA in which conventional treatment is ineffective could induce intensive pain, disability and reduce the life quality of the patient. Given that, we need obtain new methods with good curative effect for refractory OA. BoNT-A is the marketing name given to a neurotoxin and is found to be effective for partial muscle spasm of post-stroke. Recently the use of BoNT-A is extended to be used as pain management in conditions such as low back pain and myofascial pain. Usually, injection of BoNT-A is guided through an anatomical landmark or pain location. However, there is risk for injection without ultrasound-guidance such as fat pad disturbance. So, we plan to proceed the Intra-articular injection of BoNT-A through the ultrasound-guided method for refractory knee osteoarthritis of older individuals and study changes of the knee joint before and after intervention via MRI and radiograph imaging, and provide the new choice for refractory knee osteoarthritis of older individuals. Methods: Sixty patients with refractory knee osteoarthritis were randomly divided into three groups (A:saline, B: BoNT-A, C: sodium hyaluronate). Evaluation of WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index) questionnaire score, VAS ((Visual Analogue Scale) score and SF-36 ((the MOS item short from health survey) at baseline, 4 weeks and 8 weeks follow-up were recorded respectively. Results: WOMAC, VAS and SF-36 were improved in group B and group C patients compared baseline to 4 weeks and 8 weeks respectively (P Conclusions: The treatments of Botulinum toxin type A were beneficial and safe for patients suffering from refractory knee OA.