Interleukin-8: Baculovirus Expression and the Receptor Signal Transduction Pathway




Kang, Xiaoqiang


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Xiaoqiang, Kang., Interleukin-8: Baculovirus Expression and the Receptor Signal Transduction Pathway. Doctor of Philosophy (Biomedical Sciences), June, 1994, 150 pp., 4 tables, 36 illustrations, bibliography, 212 titles. The cDNA for human interleukin-8 (IL8) was subcloned from a bacterial source into the eukaryotic baculoviral vector expression system. Recombinant human IL-8 (rhIL-8) was synthesized and secreted from SF9 cells following infection of a recombinant virus harboring the full-length IL-8 structural gene. Recombinant human interleukin-8 was purified ([greater than] 600 fold) to homogeneity using preparative HPLC. The rhIL-8 preparation retained all of the physical, immunological, and biochemical properties of the natural product (monocyte-derived IL-8). Baculovirus vector expression coupled to preparative HPLC proved to be a very efficient method for large-scale recombinant interleukin production. Biochemical mechanisms that mediate IL-8 receptor-stimulated activities are poorly understood. In this study, I have explored the intracellular mechanism(s) induced by IL-8 in differentiated HL-60 cells. IL-8 induced a rapid and transient activation of phospholipase A2 in differentiated HL-60 cells. A consequence of phospholipase A2 activation was the release of arachidonic acid and the generation of lysophospholipids from membrane phospholipids. The IL-8 stimulated-arachidonic acid release was pertussis toxin and phospholipase A2 inhibitor sensitive, and protein kinase C independent. In contrast to another neutrophil chemotactic factor, fMLP, IL-8 did not stimulate the activation of phospholipase C and phospholipase D. When comparing the phosphorylation events induced by IL-8 and fMLP, I found that these two chemotactic factors triggered different protein phosphorylation profiles. Tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins was not detected following IL-8 stimulation in HL-60 cells. However, IL-8 stimulated the rapid autophosphorylation of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II). These results strongly suggest that the IL-8 receptor is closely coupled to the activation of PLA2 and that CaM kinase II is an integral component of IL-8 receptor signal pathway.