Assessment of Obesity as a Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor in a Geriatric Rural Texas Community - A Six Month Follow-Up

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1999-12-01
Authors
Coustasse, Alberto
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Abstract

Coustasse, Alberto, Assessment of Obesity as a Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor in a Geriatric Rural Texas Community – A Six Month Follow-up. Master of Public Health Track, Public Health Administration, December 1999, 22 pp., 9 tables, 9 illustrations, bibliography, 7 titles. The health fair approach was used as a method to establish individual and population health status baselines and to provide a mechanism to follow-up with an elderly population in a rural Texas community. A controlled trial sample of forty-four seniors was initially screened in a primary care clinic in August 1998. Patients were reevaluated at six months and results demonstrated a 46% increase in BMI [Body Mass Index]; 62% remained obese; 62% maintained elevated cholesterol or increased cholesterol values to abnormal values; 61% maintained or increased their BP [blood pressure] to abnormal values. A significant finding was that a change of one unit in the BMI correlated with a change of 19.88 mmHg [millimeter mercury] of SBP [systolic blood pressure] and 18.59 mmHg of DBP [diastolic blood pressure]. The societal economic impact of mortality and morbidity (without the benefit of target interventions) for the initial forty-four seniors was projected at & 74,949. Keywords: Health fairs; obesity; cardiovascular; cost; case management.

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