2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee: A Review of the Literature Behind the National Guidelines and a Comparison to Fort Worth Nutritional Standings

dc.creatorKannappan, Anju
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: The 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) is a joint effort between the U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and of Agriculture (USDA). Every five years the committee publishes a report containing dietary information and eating habits involving the American public. This study aims to review the literature utilized by the 2015 DGAC to describe the methods of data collection and selected results pertaining to the pediatric population. It will also present the results of the Youth Risk and Behavior Survey conducted amongst Fort Worth high school students to offer comparative data between local and national benchmarks of pediatric nutrition. Methods: A literature review was conducted using the DGAC’s published report index on the www.health.gov website. The primary results were retrieved from the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) and the CDC’s Second National Report on Biochemical Indicators of Diet and Nutrition in the US Population. Dietary reference intakes for macro and micronutrients were taken from the Food and Nutrition Board and the Institute of Medicine’s reference manual. Statistics concerning Fort Worth’s population were taken from the Tarrant County Public Health Department and the 2016 FWISD Youth Risk and Behaviors Survey. Results: About 1/3 of children are expected to be obese. Concerning fruit intake, children ages 1 to 8 years meet recommended intakes, however average intakes of fruit are lowest among girls ages 14-18 years. Males and females on both national and local levels are receiving fewer servings of fruits and vegetables than advised, and their protein intake is on the lower end of the recommended range. Overall, all age groups and genders intake more sugar and saturated fats than recommended. Discussion: The target audience for the published Dietary Guidelines results are medical professionals who then work to translate the findings into usable resources for the public. One of the initiatives set forth by the USDA was MyPlate, an online tool that offers ideas for creating healthy eating recipes that encompass all necessary food groups and proper proportions. A local initiative in Fort Worth with similar focus is the Mobile Pantry program. Further studies can assess the success of such initiatives in fostering healthy eating among children.
dc.title2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee: A Review of the Literature Behind the National Guidelines and a Comparison to Fort Worth Nutritional Standings