Variation in the Branching Pattern of the Internal Iliac Artery

dc.contributor.advisorClaire A. Kirchhoff
dc.contributor.committeeMemberPatricia A. Gwirtz
dc.contributor.committeeMemberRustin E. Reeves
dc.creatorChase, Jeff
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this project is to report, analyze and interpret the anatomical variability of the branches of the internal iliac artery, while exploring clinical correlations and forming solutions to alleviate potential student confusion. Branching patterns were observed and recorded by medical students using anatomical variation data sheets (n=111). A meta-analysis of anatomy textbooks and atlases (n=20) was conducted to find out how often the variability of the internal iliac artery is mentioned or depicted. This provided proxy data on whether or not students might have had knowledge of possible variation, and if so what kind of information was given. Internal pudendal artery, inferior gluteal artery and middle rectal artery all variably share trunks with one or more of the other arteries. This variability was commonly found in research publications but was inconsistently explained or depicted in textbooks and atlases. When it was mentioned or shown, statistical evidence of frequencies was not used adequately. Providing students, clinicians and researchers with an accurate representation of the branching pattern will enable better understanding, improving educational and clinical outcomes.
dc.subjectCardiovascular System
dc.subjectiliac artery
dc.subjectanatomic variation
dc.subjectanatomy texbooks
dc.subjectanatomy atlases
dc.titleVariation in the Branching Pattern of the Internal Iliac Artery
dc.typeInternship Practicum Report
dc.type.materialtext School of Biomedical Sciences Sciences of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth of Science


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