Effects of Routine Checkups and Chronic Conditions on Middle-Aged Patients with Diabetes




McGuffee, America E.
Chillag, Kailyn
Johnson, Amber
Richardson, Regan
Williams, Hallie
Hartos, Jessica


0000-0001-5571-8800 (McGuffee, America)
0000-0003-0732-692X (Hartos, Jessica)

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Purpose. Middle-aged males and females with diabetes are more likely to have poor physical (PH) and mental health (MH); however, there is limited research determining the relationship between MH and PH and routine check-up in diabetic middle-aged adults, especially by gender. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PH and MH status differ by routine check-up in middle-aged (age 45-64) adults with diabetes in the general population. Methods. This cross-sectional analysis used data from the 2017 BRFSS conducted by the CDC for adults aged 45-64 who reported having diabetes in Florida (N = 1183), Kentucky (N = 617), Maryland (N = 731), New York (N = 593), and Ohio (N = 754). Multiple logistic regression by state and gender was used to determine the relationship between MH and PH status and routine check-up while controlling for health-related, socioeconomic, and demographic factors. Results. Across states, up to one-half reported good PH (32-50%), over one-half reported good MH (46-67%), and most reported having a routine check-up (87-93%). Adjusted analysis indicated that MH and PH were not significantly related to routine check-up, but both were inversely related to having diabetes plus two other health conditions. Conclusions. Overall, routine check-up was not related to good PH and MH in this target population; however, a number of health conditions were inversely related to good PH and MH status. In a primary care setting for this target population, there may be a low to moderate prevalence of good PH and MH and a high prevalence of having a routine check-up and having multiple health conditions. It is recommended to automatically screen this target population for PH, MH, other chronic conditions, and physical activity and treat concurrently.




McGuffee, A. E., Chillag, K., Johnson, A., Richardson, R., Williams, H., & Hartos, J. (2020). Effects of Routine Checkups and Chronic Conditions on Middle-Aged Patients with Diabetes. Advances in preventive medicine, 2020, 4043959. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/4043959


Copyright © 2020 America E. McGuffee et al.


Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)