Role of ΔFosB in nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) in cardiovascular adaptations to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in rats

dc.contributor.advisorMifflin, Steve W.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberCunningham, J. Thomas
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSchreihofer, Ann M.
dc.creatorWu, Qiong
dc.description.abstractChronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) rodent model is widely utilized to study obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) associated disease such as hypertension. Arterial chemoreceptor is activated by CIH, and leads to increased sympathetic nerve discharge, resulting in elevated arterial pressure. The central neuronal mechanisms of CIH induced hypertension are barely understood. The nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) receives the first synaptic inputs from arterial chemoreceptor afferents. Transcription factor ΔFosB is increased in the NTS after a 7 day-CIH exposure. We hypothesize that NTS ΔFosB could mediate neuronal plasticity, contribute to CIH induced hypertension. Three specific aims were addressed. Aim 1: To determine the relationship between NTS ΔFosB and CIH hypertension. Viral constructs were delivered into NTS to functionally block ΔFosB (ΔJunD group). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured in day time when rats were exposed to intermittent hypoxia and night time when they were in normoxia. The increase in MAP observed in ΔJunD and sham groups during day time was dampened in ΔJunD group during night time, indicating the contribution of ΔFosB to the sustained component of CIH associated hypertension. Aim 2: To determine the time-course of induction of ΔFosB immunoreactive NTS neurons during CIH exposure. Rats were separated into normoxia, 1 day, 3, 5, 7 days CIH, and 1 day, 3, 7 days recovery after 7 days CIH groups. ΔFosB immunoreactivity increased within 1 day CIH, and maintained this elevation throughout 7 days of CIH. 1 day recovery was sufficient to reduce ΔFosB immunoreactivity to normoxia level. Therefore, ΔFosB under CIH develops rapidly. Aim 3: To determine the function of ΔFosB in glutamatergic transmission after CIH. Miniature excitatory post-synaptic current (mEPSC) properties of NTS neurons of rats exposed to either different days of CIH or room air were compared. CIH increased mEPSC amplitude but not frequency, suggesting a post-synaptic site of effect. Additionally, functional blockade of NTS ΔFosB with ΔJunD decreased mEPSC amplitude back to normoxia level. Finally, overexpression of NTS ΔFosB increased mEPSC amplitude to similar levels as CIH. These results suggest that ΔFosB in NTS neurons mediates molecular adaptations which might play an important role in CIH associated hypertension.
dc.subjectCardiovascular Diseases
dc.subjectMedical Sciences
dc.subjectMedicine and Health Sciences
dc.subjectNervous System
dc.subjectNervous System Diseases
dc.subjectPathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms
dc.subjectobstructive sleep apnea
dc.subjectchronic intermittent hypoxia
dc.subjectnucleus of the solitary tract
dc.titleRole of ΔFosB in nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) in cardiovascular adaptations to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in rats
dc.type.materialtext School of Biomedical Sciences Sciences of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth of Philosophy


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