Assessing Cognitive Function: The Role of the Memory Alteration Test in Predicting Stroop Color-Word Performance within the Self-Management Program for Brain Health

dc.creatorAboutaj, Aminen_US
dc.creatorRoss, Sarahen_US
dc.creatorSoto, Isabelen_US
dc.creatorSeverance, Jenniferen_US
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The Self-Management Program for Brain Health is designed to empower participants to make lifestyle changes that enhance cognitive function and potentially delay dementia onset. This study investigates the predictive relationship between the Memory Alteration test and Stroop Color-Word (Stroop CW) performance in these participants, aiming to contribute valuable insights to the complex interplay between memory and executive processing abilities. Methods: Cognitively healthy adults (n = 21, age range 56–90) participated in the study, meeting inclusion criteria and undergoing vital sign assessment, Memory Alteration, and Stroop CW tests. The Memory Alteration test, a reliable screening tool, employed a cut-off of < 40 for cognitive impairment. Stroop CW raw scores were age-corrected, and T-scores were obtained. Statistical analyses included correlation coefficient (r) and p-value calculations. Results: A statistically significant positive correlation (r = 0.55, p = 0.009) between Memory Alteration and Stroop CW scores was observed. Subgroup analysis confirmed the hypothesis, revealing a consistent correlation pattern for those scoring below (mean Memory Alteration 37.86±0.55, Stroop CW 48.43±2.32, r = 0.88, p = 0.009) and above (mean Memory Alteration 44.93±0.85, Stroop CW 50.79±1.89, r = 0.67, p = 0.009) the normal Memory Alteration cut-off of 40. Conclusions: The study supports the predictive ability of the Memory Alteration test on Stroop CW performance in cognitively healthy adults. It underscores the clinical relevance of the Memory Alteration test as a reliable screening tool for early cognitive impairment and processing speed changes. Clinicians are encouraged to become familiar with the Memory Alteration test, considering its inclusion as an additional cognitive screening tool. By adding this brief and non-invasive assessment into routine practice, healthcare professionals can enhance their ability to identify subtle cognitive changes early on, facilitating proactive interventions and contributing to improved patient outcomes. Limitations include sample size and variability, suggesting the need for larger, more diverse samples in future research. The ongoing Self-Management Program for Brain Health presents an opportunity to address these limitations and advance our understanding of cognitive assessment and brain health.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipJES Edwards Foundationen_US
dc.titleAssessing Cognitive Function: The Role of the Memory Alteration Test in Predicting Stroop Color-Word Performance within the Self-Management Program for Brain Healthen_US