SecurAcath Device Safety and Efficacy in Pleural Tube Placement in Children




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Patients in the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) may develop complications such as pneumothorax (PTX) or pleural effusion (PE), which may be bloody, chylous, or serous in composition. PTX or PE may require placement of a percutaneous chest tube (CT) to evacuate air or fluid in the pleural space. Historically, CTs are sutured to the skin, but migration and removal of CTs can occur inadvertently due to external factors. The securAcath device is a single-use securement device indicated for securement of percutaneous indwelling catheters/tubes and is in use at the Cook Children’s Medical Center (CCMC) CICU. In this study, we introduce a novel use for this securAcath device in CT securement and aim to determine the effectiveness of the securAcath device in CT securement by assessing the incidence in catheter/tube dislodgement and migration. We compared the efficacy of securAcath device to the typical suturing practice for patients admitted to the CICU at CCMC.

Case Information:

This is a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing CT placement while admitted to the CCMC CICU from March 1, 2018 to March 31, 2023. Patients under 18 years of age using the securAcath device or suture in CT placement while on admission were included. Initial screening for patient encounters yielded 176 subjects. 140 patients met inclusion/exclusion criteria with 204 CT insertions. The data collected included diagnosis prior to chest tube insertion, chromosome abnormalities, type of congenital heart disease, surgical history, chest tube insertions, date of insertion and removal, SecurAcath or suture usage, complications, inadvertent removal, infection, and bleeding. Differences in duration of CT insertion between the securAcath device group and suture group were analyzed by independent sample t-test for continuous data. Chi square test of independence was used to evaluate the association between dependent and independent variables. All statistical tests were two-sided. P-value of less than 0.05 was utilized as a cutoff for statistical significance.


Two hundred and four 8.5 French chest tubes were inserted by intensivists in the CICU on 140 patients. There was no statistical difference in gender, diagnosis or type of congenital heart disease between the securAcath device group and suture group. There was no significance in the number of CTs inserted or the duration of the CTs between groups. No significance was found between groups with infection at the CT site or bleeding complications. The securAcath device group was noted to have a lower incidence of inadvertent removal of the CT compared to the suture group.


The securAcath device is as safe as suture securement in children in the CICU who require CT insertion. The securAcath device demonstrates a lower incidence of inadvertent removal compared to suture securement of CTs in children in the CICU.


Research Appreciation Day Award Winner - SaferCare Texas, 2024 Excellence in Patient Safety Research Award - 1st Place