Publications -- Magdalena Bus

Permanent URI for this collection

This collection is limited to articles published under the terms of a creative commons license or other open access publishing agreement since 2016. It is not intended as a complete list of the author's works.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
  • Item
    Results of a collaborative study on DNA identification of aged bone samples
    (Medicinska naklada, 2017-06-14) Vanek, Daniel; Budowle, Bruce; Dubska-Votrubova, Jitka; Ambers, Angie; Frolik, Jan; Pospisek, Martin; Al Afeefi, Ahmed Anwar; Al Hosani, Khalid Ismaeil; Allen, Marie; Al Naimi, Khudooma Saeed; Al Salafi, Dina; Al Tayyari, Wafa Ali Rashid; Argueta, Wendy C.; Bottinelli, Michel; Bus, Magdalena M.; Cemper-Kiesslich, Jan; Cepil, Olivier; De Cock, Greet; Desmyter, Stijn; El Amri, Hamid; El Ossmani, Hicham; Galdies, Ruth; Grun, Sebastian; Guidet, Francois; Hoefges, Anna; Iancu, Cristian Bogdan; Lotz, Petra; Maresca, Alessandro; Nagy, Marion; Novotny, Jindrich; Rachid, Hajar; Rothe, Jessica; Stenersen, Marguerethe; Stephenson, Mishel; Stevanovitch, Alain; Strien, Juliane; Sumita, Denilce R.; Vella, Joanna; Zander, Judith
    AIM: A collaborative exercise with several institutes was organized by the Forensic DNA Service (FDNAS) and the Institute of the Legal Medicine, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic, with the aim to test performance of different laboratories carrying out DNA analysis of relatively old bone samples. METHODS: Eighteen laboratories participating in the collaborative exercise were asked to perform DNA typing of two samples of bone powder. Two bone samples provided by the National Museum and the Institute of Archaelogy in Prague, Czech Republic, came from archeological excavations and were estimated to be approximately 150 and 400 years old. The methods of genetic characterization including autosomal, gonosomal, and mitochondrial markers was selected solely at the discretion of the participating laboratory. RESULTS: Although the participating laboratories used different extraction and amplification strategies, concordant results were obtained from the relatively intact 150 years old bone sample. Typing was more problematic with the analysis of the 400 years old bone sample due to poorer quality. CONCLUSION: The laboratories performing identification DNA analysis of bone and teeth samples should regularly test their ability to correctly perform DNA-based identification on bone samples containing degraded DNA and potential inhibitors and demonstrate that risk of contamination is minimized.
  • Item
    Genetic assessment reveals no population substructure and divergent regional and sex-specific histories in the Chachapoyas from northeast Peru
    (PLOS, 2020-12-31) Guevara, Evelyn K.; Palo, Jukka U.; Oversti, Sanni; King, Jonathan L.; Seidel, Maria; Stoljarova, Monika; Wendt, Frank R.; Bus, Magdalena M.; Guengerich, Anna; Church, Warren B.; Guillen, Sonia; Roewer, Lutz; Budowle, Bruce; Sajantila, Antti
    Many native populations in South America have been severely impacted by two relatively recent historical events, the Inca and the Spanish conquest. However decisive these disruptive events may have been, the populations and their gene pools have been shaped markedly also by the history prior to the conquests. This study focuses mainly on the Chachapoya peoples that inhabit the montane forests on the eastern slopes of the northern Peruvian Andes, but also includes three distinct neighboring populations (the Jivaro, the Huancas and the Cajamarca). By assessing mitochondrial, Y-chromosomal and autosomal diversity in the region, we explore questions that have emerged from archaeological and historical studies of the regional culture (s). These studies have shown, among others, that Chachapoyas was a crossroads for Coast-Andes-Amazon interactions since very early times. In this study, we examine the following questions: 1) was there pre-Hispanic genetic population substructure in the Chachapoyas sample? 2) did the Spanish conquest cause a more severe population decline on Chachapoyan males than on females? 3) can we detect different patterns of European gene flow in the Chachapoyas region? and, 4) did the demographic history in the Chachapoyas resemble the one from the Andean area? Despite cultural differences within the Chachapoyas region as shown by archaeological and ethnohistorical research, genetic markers show no significant evidence for past or current population substructure, although an Amazonian gene flow dynamic in the northern part of this territory is suggested. The data also indicates a bottleneck c. 25 generations ago that was more severe among males than females, as well as divergent population histories for populations in the Andean and Amazonian regions. In line with previous studies, we observe high genetic diversity in the Chachapoyas, despite the documented dramatic population declines. The diverse topography and great biodiversity of the northeastern Peruvian montane forests are potential contributing agents in shaping and maintaining the high genetic diversity in the Chachapoyas region.