Proteomic profiles of prevalent mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease among adults with Down syndrome
0000-0002-3920-5877 (Petersen, Melissa E.)
Introduction: We sought to determine if a proteomic profile approach developed to detect Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the general population would apply to adults with Down syndrome (DS). Methods: Plasma samples were obtained from 398 members of a community-based cohort of adults with DS. A total of n = 186 participants were determined to be non-demented and without mild cognitive impairment (MCI) at baseline and throughout follow-up; n = 50 had prevalent MCI; n = 42 had prevalent AD. Results: The proteomic profile yielded an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.92, sensitivity (SN) = 0.80, and specificity (SP) = 0.98 detecting prevalent MCI. For detecting prevalent AD, the proteomic profile yielded an AUC of 0.89, SN = 0.81, and SP = 0.97. The overall profile closely resembled our previously published profile of AD in the general population. Discussion: These data provide evidence of the applicability of our blood-based algorithm for detecting MCI/AD among adults with DS.