Demographic and Psychosocial Correlates of COVID-19 Vaccination Status among a Statewide Sample in Texas

dc.creatorLuningham, Justin M.
dc.creatorAkpan, Idara N.
dc.creatorTaskin, Tanjila
dc.creatorAlkhatib, Sarah A.
dc.creatorVishwanatha, Jamboor K.
dc.creatorThompson, Erika L.
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-5037-9149 (Luningham, Justin)
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-0266-6020 (Vishwanatha, Jamboor K.)
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-7115-0001 (Thompson, Erika L.)
dc.creator.orcid0000-0003-2993-2939 (Akpan, Idara)
dc.description.abstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has been a global public health concern since early 2020 and has required local and state-level responses in the United States. There were several Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved vaccines available for the prevention of COVID-19 as of August 2022, yet not all states have achieved high vaccination coverage. Texas is a particularly unique state with a history of opposing vaccination mandates, as well as a large and ethnically/racially diverse population. This study explored the demographic and psychosocial correlates of COVID-19 vaccinations among a statewide sample in Texas. A quota sample of 1089 individuals was surveyed online from June-July 2022. The primary outcome in this study was COVID-19 vaccination status (fully vaccinated, partially vaccinated, or unvaccinated) and included independent variables related to demographics, COVID-19 infection/vaccine attitudes and beliefs, and challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Hispanic/Latinx individuals were more likely than non-Hispanic White individuals to be partially vaccinated as opposed to unvaccinated. Higher education levels and confidence that the FDA would ensure a safe COVID-19 vaccine were strongly associated with a higher likelihood of being fully vaccinated. In addition, some challenges brought on by the pandemic and concerns about becoming infected or infecting others were associated with a higher likelihood of being partially or fully vaccinated. These findings emphasize the need to further investigate the interaction between individual and contextual factors in improving COVID-19 vaccination rates, especially among vulnerable and disadvantaged populations.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Agreement 1OT2HL156812-02 as part of the NIH Community Engagement Alliance (CEAL). The funding agency had no role in the design of the study or in the writing of the manuscript.
dc.identifier.citationLuningham, J. M., Akpan, I. N., Taskin, T., Alkhatib, S., Vishwanatha, J. K., & Thompson, E. L. (2023). Demographic and Psychosocial Correlates of COVID-19 Vaccination Status among a Statewide Sample in Texas. Vaccines, 11(4), 848.
dc.rights.holder© 2023 by the authors.
dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.sourceVaccines (Basel)
dc.titleDemographic and Psychosocial Correlates of COVID-19 Vaccination Status among a Statewide Sample in Texas


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