Association of Area Deprivation Index and hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and Obesity: A Cross-Sectional Study of the HABS-HD Cohort

Date

2023-06-26

Authors

Vintimilla, Raul
Seyedahmadi, Armin
Hall, James R.
Johnson, Leigh A.
O'Bryant, Sid E.

ORCID

0000-0001-7769-8417 (Johnson, Leigh A.)
0000-0003-0582-5266 (O'Bryant, Sid)
0000-0002-4176-0001 (Vintimilla, Raul)

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Sage Publications

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to investigate the association between neighborhood deprivation and the prevalence of major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and obesity) in a Mexican American (MA) population compared to NonHispanic Whites (NHW). Method: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to include 1,867 subjects (971 MA and 896 NHW). Participants underwent a clinical interview, neuropsychological exam battery, functional examination, MRI of the head, amyloid PET scan, and blood draw for clinical and biomarker analysis. We use the Area Deprivation Index (ADI) Model to assign an ADI score to participants based on their neighborhoods. Descriptive, Cochran-Armitage test for trend, and odds ratio statistical analysis were applied. Results: Our results suggest that NHW had higher odds of having HTN, DM, and obesity in the most deprived neighborhoods, while MA showed no increased odds. The study also found that neighborhood deprivation contributed to diabetes in both MA and NHW and was associated with obesity in NHW. Conclusions: These findings highlighted the importance of addressing both individual and societal factors in efforts to reduce cardiovascular risk. Future research should explore the relationship between socio-economic status and cardiovascular risk in more detail to inform the development of targeted interventions.

Description

Citation

Vintimilla, R., Seyedahmadi, A., Hall, J., Johnson, L., O'Bryant, S., & HABS-HD Study Team (2023). Association of Area Deprivation Index and hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and Obesity: A Cross-Sectional Study of the HABS-HD Cohort. Gerontology & geriatric medicine, 9, 23337214231182240. https://doi.org/10.1177/23337214231182240

Rights

© The Author(s) 2023

License

Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)