A Novel Mouse Model of TGFbeta2-Induced Ocular Hypertension Using Lentiviral Gene Delivery

dc.creatorPatil, Shruti V.
dc.creatorKasetti, Ramesh B.
dc.creatorMillar, J. Cameron
dc.creatorZode, Gulab S.
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-7823-2595 (Zode, Gulab S.)
dc.description.abstractGlaucoma is a multifactorial disease leading to irreversible blindness. Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common form and is associated with the elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP). Reduced aqueous humor (AH) outflow due to trabecular meshwork (TM) dysfunction is responsible for IOP elevation in POAG. Extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation, actin cytoskeletal reorganization, and stiffening of the TM are associated with increased outflow resistance. Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta2, a profibrotic cytokine, is known to play an important role in the development of ocular hypertension (OHT) in POAG. An appropriate mouse model is critical in understanding the underlying molecular mechanism of TGFbeta2-induced OHT. To achieve this, TM can be targeted with recombinant viral vectors to express a gene of interest. Lentiviruses (LV) are known for their tropism towards TM with stable transgene expression and low immunogenicity. We, therefore, developed a novel mouse model of IOP elevation using LV gene transfer of active human TGFbeta2 in the TM. We developed an LV vector-encoding active hTGFbeta2(C226,228S) under the control of a cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. Adult C57BL/6J mice were injected intravitreally with LV expressing null or hTGFbeta2(C226,228S). We observed a significant increase in IOP 3 weeks post-injection compared to control eyes with an average delta change of 3.3 mmHg. IOP stayed elevated up to 7 weeks post-injection, which correlated with a significant drop in the AH outflow facility (40.36%). Increased expression of active TGFbeta2 was observed in both AH and anterior segment samples of injected mice. The morphological assessment of the mouse TM region via hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and direct ophthalmoscopy examination revealed no visible signs of inflammation or other ocular abnormalities in the injected eyes. Furthermore, transduction of primary human TM cells with LV_hTGFbeta2(C226,228S) exhibited alterations in actin cytoskeleton structures, including the formation of F-actin stress fibers and crossed-linked actin networks (CLANs), which are signature arrangements of actin cytoskeleton observed in the stiffer fibrotic-like TM. Our study demonstrated a mouse model of sustained IOP elevation via lentiviral gene delivery of active hTGFbeta2(C226,228S) that induces TM dysfunction and outflow resistance.
dc.description.sponsorshipThese studies were supported by the National Institutes of Health; EY022077 (G.S.Z.), EY028616 (G.S.Z.), and EY026177 (G.S.Z.).
dc.identifier.citationPatil, S. V., Kasetti, R. B., Millar, J. C., & Zode, G. S. (2022). A Novel Mouse Model of TGFβ2-Induced Ocular Hypertension Using Lentiviral Gene Delivery. International journal of molecular sciences, 23(13), 6883. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23136883
dc.rights.holder© 2022 by the authors.
dc.rights.licenseAttribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
dc.subjectrodent mouse models of ocular hypertension
dc.subjecttrabecular meshwork
dc.subject.meshActins / metabolism
dc.subject.meshAqueous Humor / metabolism
dc.subject.meshCells, Cultured
dc.subject.meshDisease Models, Animal
dc.subject.meshGlaucoma, Open-Angle / genetics
dc.subject.meshGlaucoma, Open-Angle / metabolism
dc.subject.meshIntraocular Pressure
dc.subject.meshMice, Inbred C57BL
dc.subject.meshOcular Hypertension / genetics
dc.subject.meshOcular Hypertension / metabolism
dc.subject.meshTrabecular Meshwork / metabolism
dc.subject.meshTransforming Growth Factor beta2 / metabolism
dc.titleA Novel Mouse Model of TGFbeta2-Induced Ocular Hypertension Using Lentiviral Gene Delivery


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