Characterization of Protein Kinase C in Cisplatin Sensitive and Resistant Human Cervical Cancer HeLa Cells




Mohanty, Sanghamitra


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Mohanty, S., Characterization of protein kinase C in cisplatin sensitive and resistant human cervical cancer HeLa cells. Master of Science (Microbiology and Immunology), December, 2000. 37 pp., 11 illustrations, bibliography, 27 titles. Signal transduction plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. A defect in signaling, by evading cell death or promoting cell proliferation, may result in neoplastic transformation or protection of cells from the cytotoxicity of anticancer drugs. Therefore, in order to understand the complex mechanism of drug resistance, it is relevant to probe into the important signal transduction pathways. Protein kinase C, a key signal transducer, influences cisplatin sensitivity in many cell lines. We examined whether or not the PKC signal transduction pathway is affected during development of resistance to cisplatin by tumor cells. PKC activators increased cisplatin sensitivity in both parental and cisplatin-resistant cells. Western blot analysis showed a slight decrease in cPKCα and nPKCε, an evaluation in nPKCδ and no change in the abundance of PKCϚ in HeLa/CP cells compared to HeLa cells. Though TPA-induced translocation of PKC isoforms was identical in both cell lines, down regulation of PKCδ was defective in resistant cells. Therefore, a deregulation in PKCδ was associated with cisplatin resistance.