Experimental models to study osteoarthritis pain and develop therapeutics




Riewruja, Kanyakorn
Makarczyk, Meagan
Alexander, Peter G.
Gao, Qi
Goodman, Stuart B.
Bunnell, Bruce A.
Gold, Michael S.
Lin, Hang


0000-0001-6196-3722 (Bunnell, Bruce A.)

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Elsevier B.V.


Pain is the predominant symptom of osteoarthritis (OA) that drives patients to seek medical care. Currently, there are no pharmacological treatments that can reverse or halt the progression of OA. Safe and efficacious medications for long-term management of OA pain are also unavailable. Understanding the mechanisms behind OA pain generation at onset and over time is critical for developing effective treatments. In this narrative review, we first summarize our current knowledge on the innervation of the knee joint, and then discuss the molecular mechanism(s) currently thought to underlie OA pain. In particular, we focus on the contribution of each joint component to the generation of pain. Next, the current experimental models for studying OA pain are summarized, and the methods to assess pain in rodents are presented. The potential application of emerging microphysiological systems in OA pain research is especially highlighted. Lastly, we discuss the current challenge in standardizing models and the selection of appropriate systems to address specific questions.



Riewruja, K., Makarczyk, M., Alexander, P. G., Gao, Q., Goodman, S. B., Bunnell, B. A., Gold, M. S., & Lin, H. (2022). Experimental models to study osteoarthritis pain and develop therapeutics. Osteoarthritis and cartilage open, 4(4), 100306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocarto.2022.100306


© 2022 The Authors.


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